Nottingham History

Nottingham

Nottingham history

Nottingham: the historic city

At the heart of Nottingham City Centre is the Old Market Square. This large open space is the largest square in England and was refurbished in 2007. Folklore has it that it was in the Market Square where outlaw Robin Hood took advantage of an amnesty and won the coveted silver arrow in a contest devised by the Sheriff of Nottingham.

Nottingham has some truly magnificent architecture, buildings from a vast swathe of history stretching right back to the 1100s have been built in the City. Victorian Nottingham saw a building boom with many grand buildings being built owing to the City's 19th century importance. Architects such as Alfred Waterhouse, Thomas Chambers Hine and Watson Fothergill have all built spectacular buildings in Nottingham.

Why not stop for refreshment at The Old Trip to Jerusalem? Known as one of the oldest pubs in England (its painted sign states that it was established in 1189 AD), it sits at the foot of Castle Rock in Nottingham's city centre. According to local legend it takes its name from the 12th Century Crusades to the Holy Land: legend has it that knights who answered the calls of Richard I to join the crusades, stopped off at this watering hole for a pint on their way to Jerusalem.

Nottingham: the University

The University of Nottingham traces its origins to the founding of an adult education school in 1798. The foundation stone of the original University College Nottingham on Shakespeare Street was laid in 1877, with a speech by former UK prime minister, William Ewart Gladstone. This building was formally opened in 1881 by Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany.

One of the most celebrated alumnus of Nottingham is the novelist D. H. Lawrence. Nottingham has particularly strong links with Malaysia. Two Malaysian kings, as well as several Malaysian government ministers are graduates. Other prominent alumni include 2003 Nobel laureate Sir Clive Granger, 12 current members of the UK Parliament and numerous executives on the boards of top multi-national corporations.