Salzburg, literally "Salt Fortress", is the fourth-largest city in Austria and the capital of the federal state of Salzburg. Its Old Town (Altstadt) has internationally renowned baroque architecture and one of the best-preserved city centres north of the Alps. It has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1997. The 18th-century composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born and raised in Salzburg and worked for the archbishops from 1769 until 1781. His house of birth and his residence are both tourist attractions, and his family is buried in a small church graveyard in the old town. In the mid-20th century, it was also the setting for parts of the musical and film The Sound of Music.
The number of tourists outnumbers locals by a large margin in peak times. In addition to Mozart's birthplace noted above, other notable places include the Salzburg Cathedral (Salzburger Dom), the Hohensalzburg Castle (Festung Hohensalzburg), one of the largest castles in Europe, Residenzgalerie, an art museum in the Salzburg Residenz, Mirabell Palace, with its wide gardens full of flowers, Schloss Leopoldskron, a rococo palace and national historic monument in Leopoldskron-Moos, Hellbrunn, with its parks and castles, The Sound of Music tour companies, operating tours of film locations, Hangar-7, a multifunctional building owned by Red Bull, with a collection of historical airplanes, helicopters and Formula One racing cars, Anif Castle, Schloss Klessheim, a palace and casino, formerly used by Adolf Hitler, Berghof, Hitler's mountain retreat near Berchtesgaden, Kehlsteinhaus, the only remnant of Hitler's Berghof, and Salzkammergut, an area of lakes east of the city.
The Salzburg Festival is a famous music festival that attracts visitors during the months of July and August each year. A smaller Salzburg Easter Festival is held around Easter each year.
Accommodation in Salzburg’s university residences
The city is home to 3 universities and many of the independently-owned student residences offer affordable visitor accommodation in the summer months. It should be understood that these residences are designed primarily for students and not children or adults expecting a high level of luxury. However, with this in mind, the halls do meet a level of comfort that we expect most visitors to be happy with, and we will welcome any feedback where this is not the case.
Getting around Salzburg
The city enjoys comprehensive rail connections, with frequent east-west trains going to Vienna, Munich, Innsbruck, and Zürich, including daily high-speed ICE services. The city also acts as a hub for south-bound trains through the Alps and into Italy. Salzburg Airport offers scheduled flights to many European cities, such as Frankfurt, Vienna, London, Rotterdam, Amsterdam, Brussels, Düsseldorf, and Zürich, as well as Hamburg and Dublin. In the main city, the easiest way to get around is the Salzburg trolleybus system and bus system, with a total of more than 20 lines, and service every 10 minutes. Salzburg has an S-Bahn system with four Lines (S1, S2, S3, S11): trains depart from the main station every half an hour and are part of the ÖBB network.